Everything You Need to Know About Alopecia.

Alopecia is a type of disease where the autoimmune system of our body attacks the new cells forming in the hair follicles by mistake. Its important symptom is hair loss that is immediate and unusual. Alopecia affects both women and men, of any age. There are various types of alopecia; the variation depends on where this disease takes place in the body. We can also call Alopecia baldness or hair loss. Alopecia refers to the loss or shortness of hair on part of the entire scalp and in some situations, other parts of the body. Hair loss may be temporary or permanent and also can affect people of any age. Even though alopecia can take place anywhere on your body, it is the most stressful when it occurs on the scalp.


There are various types of alopecia mentioned below:

  • Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is a type of alopecia that refers to hair loss that takes place in rounded patches. The immune system mistakenly damages hair follicles, causing inflammation in Alopecia Areata. Alopecia Areata occurs when the body attacks its hair follicles, which may cause hair loss anywhere on the body.

  • Alopecia Totalis

Alopecia totalis contains the loss of hair on the scalp. As you can see in the name, we can also say alopecia totalis as total baldness. Alopecia totalis is an advanced form of alopecia, that can cause round patches of hair loss.

  • Alopecia Universalis

Alopecia Universalis is the type of alopecia where the targeted person loses all the hair on his/her body. It is a condition including the loss of all hairs on the body, including eyelashes, eyebrows, armpit hair, chest hair, and pubic hair. It is the most terrible form of alopecia areata.

  • Alopecia Barbae

Alopecia Barbae only happens with men. The loss of hair on the beard area is called Alopecia Barbae. It tends to cause round or oval bald patches on the scalp, but it may affect any part of our body. When it affects the beard, we call it Alopecia Barbae.

  • Alopecia Mucinosa

Alopecia Mucinosa is also called follicular mucinosis, which describes the occurrence of mucin around hair follicles as seen under the microscope. It is denoted by bald patches on the skin in which hair follicles are prominent. Alopecia Mucinosa occurs when hair loss goes along with the occurrence of scaly patches on the skin.

  • Anagen Effluvium

Anagen effluvium appears when there is an interference to the anagen or predominant growth phase of the hair. Anagen effluvium is hair loss that is generally related to chemotherapy and taking different kinds of medication. In anagen effluvium, the hair falls off in patches, even though it grows back the chemotherapy or the consumption of drugs is stopped.

  • Telogen Effluvium

Telogen effluvium is the name for a usual cause of temporary hair loss because of the excessive shedding of resting or telogen hair after some shock to the system. We can call telogen effluvium temporary hair loss. It occurs when the number of hair being shed is more than common and the hair visibly thins.

  • Androgenetic Alopecia

Androgenetic alopecia is that kind of alopecia that consider hereditary. It is also called male pattern baldness, even though it may also affect women. The hair on the scalp turns nearly transparent before falling off in Androgenetic Alopecia.

  • Scarring Alopecia

Scarring Alopecia also called Cicatratial alopecia, is an inflammatory hair loss confusion. Scarring alopecia occurs when the hair shedding left the skin scarred. It results in bald patches on the scalp because of the permanent destruction of hair follicles

Causes of Alopecia

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Alopecia can occur for the following reasons:

  • Childbirth or illness

A few months after giving childbirth, recovering from a disease, or after having an operation, you may pay attention that a lot more hairs in your brush or on your pillow. Alopecia can also be caused by childbirth, or after any illness.

  • Short of iron

Nutritional deficiencies, containing low iron or vitamin D, can also cause alopecia.
But when it comes to vitamin D and hair loss, more investigation is needed, according to the AAD. Alopecia can occur by the lack of iron in our bodies.
This problem is more general in women especially if they have heavy or long periods.

  • Diet

Vegetarians, people who have a less protein diet, and patients with anorexia nervosa might be protein deficient. As result, in about two or three months there can be a big loss of hair.

  • Hairstyles and treatments

Different hairstyles that pull your hair tightly, like pigtails or cornrows, may cause a type of hair loss known as traction alopecia. Hot-oil hair treatments may also cause hair to fall out. If scarring appears, hair loss can be permanent.

  • Stress and illness

Many people suffer from a common thinning of hair for many months after an emotional or physical shock. This kind of hair loss is temporary. Your hair can start to lose after a stressful situation. A high fever, different infections, or chronic diseases may also cause loss of hair.

  • Medications

Hair loss can be a side effect of various drugs, such as those used for cancer, heart problems, depression, arthritis, gout, and high blood pressure. Some drugs are used in chemotherapy that causes hair to stop cell division. This may cause loss of up to 90% of hair, but in most situations, the hair will start to re-grow once the treatment ends.

  • Heredity

The most usual cause of hair loss is a hereditary situation that happens with aging. This situation is called androgenic alopecia, male baldness, and also female baldness It normally appears gradually and in predictable patterns.

  • Genes and Hormones

Androgenic alopecia also called male pattern baldness or female pattern baldness is the most usual kind of alopecia. In men, it may cause baldness and a receding hairline, while in women, they may suffer from normal hair thinning or a widening of their part. Androgenic alopecia may be hormonal, and it’s also genetic.

The majority of men and women will experience some types of hair loss by the time they reach in their middle age. The loss of hair will appear much earlier in life for some people. Home remedies for hair loss are very effective in stimulating the growth of new hair. These treatments are just as effective as medicated treatments and also are much safer.

Advantages of Using Homemade Treatments

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Homemade hair treatments can be made from natural ingredients which are not harmful to your health. Medicated treatments include chemicals in it which can get into your bloodstream and cause many problems like sore muscles and headaches. One other problem with medicated hair treatments is that they can only mask the symptoms. Natural treatments work with your body’s healing systems to reduce hair loss.

Androgenic Alopecia

You should find out the reason why your hair is thinning before you use home remedies for hair loss. This will help you to decide in which way you should treat your condition. For many women and men, the main cause of hair loss is androgenic alopecia. This situation is linked to high levels of the hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in the body. DHT reduces the follicles from receiving nutrients. As the follicles weaken, the strands begin to fall out.

Vitamin Deficiencies

A lack of vitamins in the body system is another general cause of hair loss in women and men. Without different vitamins and minerals, your hair cannot grow. Your body will be forced to use the limited supply of nutrients to guide the functions that are essential to keep you alive.

Natural Oils

You can make some simple, common, and effective home remedies for alopecia, and hair loss with natural oils. Combine aloe vera, jojoba, and henna, and mix it all with wheat germ oil. Use the mixture and wash with a natural shampoo to cleanse your strands.

Herbal Home Remedies for Alopecia

Rosemary and Jojoba oil

Mix three-quarters of a cup of each of rosemary’s necessary oil with jojoba oil and use it to massage into your scalp. Let it remain to stay for one hour and then wash it off. Rosemary helps in reducing the production of DHT. You may also apply green tea straightly to your scalp to reduce thinning hair.

You need to start the treatment and need to start attention that your strands are thinning. This will grow your chances of getting your strands to grow back.
If the follicles sit there for too long time without strands, the follicles will not be able to function and the hair loss might become permanent.

Lemon and Honey

Honey’s potential anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory characteristics help to cleanse the scalp and impurities that may be clogging hair follicles. Honey has also humectant characteristics. All of these help in strengthening hair and improving hair growth.

How to apply:

Grab some honey with a few drops of lemon and rub it straightly on your scalp. Wash it out with mild shampoo after some time.

Fenugreek seeds

Dihydrotestosterone is an essential hormone that controls hair cycling. The imbalance of dihydrotestosterone and increased DHT activity is one of the reasons for hair loss because of androgenic alopecia. It is when tiny fenugreek seeds come to the rescue by reducing increased DHT activity and disbalance. These seeds develop hair growth and prevent the severity of androgenic alopecia.

How to apply:

  • Soak a cup of fenugreek seeds in water over one night to soften them.
  • Crush the softened seeds into a good paste.
  • Use the paste all over your hair and scalp, and then cover your head with a cap to keep the paste from drying out.
  • Leave the paste on your head for 30–40 minutes, and then wash it out with just normal water.
  • There is no need to use shampoo.
  • Use this hair mask two times a week for a month for the best results.
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Onions are a basic ingredient in any cooking. As they add taste and flavor to many recipes, there are many reasons to stock onions on your kitchen shelves. Onions play an important role in any combat bald patches in alopecia areata. It includes a large amount of sulfur that fights free radical damage, boosts blood circulation in the scalp, and reduces any type of infection. Onions are also popular for their hair-growing potential. They contain sulfur, which is one of the most necessary hair-building nutrients. The juice extracted from onions includes a large amount of sulfur, which when put on the scalp helps in stimulate hair follicles and boost hair regrowth.

How to apply:

  • Crush one onion and extract its juice.
  • Soak a cotton ball in the onion juice and apply it all over your scalp.
  • Let your scalp soak in the juice for 20–30 minutes, and then rinse it off by using a mild shampoo and simple water.
  • Use this procedure once a week for the best results.


Like onions, garlic is a sulfur-rich veggie and it is one of the best natural treatments for alopecia. It increases hair growth and reduces hair fall by improving collagen production.

How To apply:

  • Grind a few garlic cloves and extract the juice. Mix it in coconut oil and let it burn over a slow flame.
  • Let it be cool, rub it on your scalp, and massage gently.

Aloe Vera Gel

Aloe vera gel is awarded many medicinal characteristics that are routinely utilized in skin remedies and can prove helpful in boosting your hair health also. Hair masks made from aloe vera have shown considerable success in preventing hair fall by strengthening hair follicles. Moreover, aloe vera gel helps to hydrate the scalp to heal from dandruff and the itching and flakiness combine with it.

How to apply:

  • Cut and open an aloe vera leaf from the plant and take out the gel.
  • Use the gel on your hair and scalp, and let it dry for about 45 minutes before washing it out with simple water.
  • Apply this procedure at least 3–4 times per week for perfect results.

Coconut oil

Nutrients such as vitamin E, K, and iron that are present in coconut oil are best for treating alopecia as they boost hair growth and re-growth. Just massage it on your hair and scalp and leave it on over one night.

Use of Amla

  • Massage your scalp and hair with fresh amla juice or amla oil by using gentle circular motions so that it is properly soaked up.
  • Leave it on your hair and scalp for about 30 minutes before rinsing it off with a mild shampoo, followed by an application of a hair conditioner.
  • Do this procedure 1–2 times per week for the best results.

Can Alopecia Cause Depression and Anxiety?

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Some patients, who are suffering from Alopecia can develop anxiety and also depression. Many of those people, who experience Alopecia for the first time are the ones most targeted by all its implications. Some peoples feel shy about having Alopecia, which is making it hard for them to face their friends or family members. Other people normally refuse to face the people at all. Because this is a natural reaction at first time, the ability of some people suffering from Alopecia to come out of their shells, the worse it becomes for them. Their emotional, social, and mental status deteriorates as also their physical occurrence. The best news is that there is hope for them to cure Alopecia.

Can alopecia be left untreated?

In many situations, where the scalp is completely bald (that is called alopecia areata totalis) or when every hair on the body is discharged (that is called alopecia areata Universalis) uncommonly can recover without any treatment.
These types of hair loss and alopecia tend to be long-lasting or maybe even permanent. That is why if you have alopecia then suddenly try to fight this disease and consult a doctor. You can also use homemade remedies mentioned in this article. If you don’t take a reaction against this then you might be bald or hairless.

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